In today’s rapidly evolving digital landscape, the demand for high-quality 3D graphics and visual effects has skyrocketed. From animated movies and online gaming to industrial applications and the burgeoning crypto metaverse, rendering plays a pivotal role in creating immersive and realistic experiences. Enter Render: a groundbreaking platform that revolutionizes the way artists and GPU providers collaborate, harnessing the power of blockchain and innovative technologies to streamline the rendering process.

This ultimate guide to Render will provide an in-depth look at the platform, its history, and its functionality. We’ll delve into the background of the company OTOY, the driving force behind Render, and explore the innovative concept of Render itself—a platform that connects users and offers decentralized access to underutilized computational resources.

As we continue, we’ll discuss the importance of the RNDR token, the native utility token of the Render Network, and its various use cases across multiple industries. We’ll also examine the Render Network’s governance system, which leverages a tiered configuration and Proof-of-Render to ensure efficient and secure transactions between users.


The inception of OTOY Inc., a revolutionary cloud graphics firm, signaled a new era for content creation and distribution in the media and entertainment industries. As a trailblazer in its field, OTOY has been widely adopted by top visual effects studios, and professionals such as animators, designers, architects, and engineers who seek unparalleled creative liberty, increased realism, and cutting-edge content creation and distribution powered by cloud technology.

In recent years, OTOY released groundbreaking products like Octane Render 4 and OctaneRender 2018, which introduced AI-accelerated, unbiased, physically accurate GPU rendering. Additionally, OTOY integrated its advanced cinematic rendering pipeline into prominent game engines like Unity3D and Unreal Engine 4. Collaborations with Facebook and RED Digital also led to the development of the innovative Manifold volumetric virtual reality camera.

In 2017, OTOY established the Render Token (RNDR) Blockchain network, the world’s first peer-to-peer GPU rendering and 3D marketplace aimed at creating and distributing next-generation holographic media. Phases I-III saw the reconfiguration of OTOY’s leading GPU cloud rendering platform, OctaneRender Cloud (ORC), to accept RNDR Tokens and support decentralized rendering.

OTOY was founded in 2008 by visionaries Jules Urbach (Founder & CEO) and Malcolm Taylor (Co-Founder & CTO). The company boasts an impressive list of advisors, including Eric Schmidt, Executive Chairman and Former CEO of Google Inc.; Brendan Eich, Co-Founder of Mozilla and Brave Software; J.J Abrams, President and Chairman of Bad Robot; and Ari Emanuel, Co-CEO of Endeavor.

What is Render?

Render is an innovative platform that enables users to contribute their unused GPU power from personal devices to assist in rendering motion graphics and visual effects for various projects. As a result, they receive Render tokens (RNDR), the native utility token of the Render Network. By establishing a peer-to-peer (P2P) network that offers affordable and efficient access to underutilized computational resources, Render streamlines traditional rendering and streaming processes for 3D environments and other visual effects.

The Render Network addresses three key challenges faced by its users:


A primary advantage of Render lies in its ability to provide a scalable GPU rendering network that can expand to accommodate user needs. The decentralized network employs an automated reputation and job assignment system, allowing it to adapt to the requirements of any project. Render’s open network of verified rendering service providers presents an efficient alternative to expensive localized market solutions.


Render Network users enjoy greater flexibility, whether they are commissioning a job or offering their surplus GPU power. This increased adaptability results in improved operational efficiency. Many businesses and motion graphic artists that depend on 3D rendering and modeling are reluctant to invest heavily in GPU-loaded data centers, especially given the rapid obsolescence of GPUs and the need for frequent updates to meet data processing demands. Additionally, GPUs consume considerable electricity, and many 3D graphics creators are located in urban areas with high utility costs.

IP Protection

Render incorporates a robust digital management system built upon blockchain-enabled record-keeping, encryption, and OctaneRender-based service completion and scoring. While most existing service options depend on centralized platforms that can censor or delete user data without notice, Render harnesses the immutability of blockchain technology to safeguard creators’ rights throughout their entire creative journey.

Render Token (RNDR)

The RNDR token is an ERC-20 utility token that facilitates transactions between artists and GPU providers (node operators) within the network. Artists use RNDR tokens to access GPU computing power, while node operators earn tokens for providing their resources. RNDR employs a combination of manual and automatic proof of work systems, or proof of render, to ensure that all artwork is successfully rendered before payment is released and the final product is delivered.

Leveraging the inherent security features of the Ethereum blockchain, proprietary assets are hashed upon upload and sent to nodes in segments for rendering. During the rendering process, RNDR payments are held in escrow and released to node operators only after the commissioning artist manually verifies the successful completion of the work. This process safeguards against malicious actors on both sides.

All assets rendered on the network are watermarked until payment is successfully disbursed. Once the payment is confirmed, the un-watermarked renderings can be downloaded by the artist. By holding all payments in escrow until manual verification confirms accurate rendering, the Render Network maintains a high level of trust and security for all its users.

RNDR Use Cases

Motion graphics and 3D visual effects are integral to a wide range of digital entertainment forms, including animated movies, online gaming, and the ever-evolving crypto metaverse. Beyond entertainment, 3D graphics have numerous industrial applications, such as product prototyping, simulations, scientific visualizations, and architectural representations. The growing demand for high-definition user experiences has amplified the need for 3D rendering, a process wherein a device’s graphics processing unit (GPU) transforms a 3D model into a visually appealing display complete with textures and details. Rendering is widely considered the most critical and computationally challenging step in the 3D graphics creation pipeline.

Real-time graphics generation adds another layer of complexity to the 3D rendering process. This is particularly true for digital games and virtual reality (VR) environments, where instantaneous graphics rendering is essential. As the appetite for immersive digital worlds continues to expand, so too will the need for the intricate computations that bring these worlds to life. The Render Network and RNDR tokens offer a powerful, efficient, and secure solution to address this growing demand for high-quality 3D rendering.


The Render Network is built on the Ethereum blockchain and OctaneRender, a rendering application developed by OTOY, the graphics software company behind the network. Ethereum underpins the project’s data verification and payment processes, while 3D rendering work is completed using OctaneRender and the open-source ORBX media and streaming framework.

Render employs a multi-tier pricing (MTP) protocol, leveraging user reputation scores to determine job allocation and maintain service quality. Customers, or Creators, can choose from three tiers: Tier 1 (Trusted Partners), Tier 2 (Priority), and Tier 3 (Economy). Tier 1 services are typically provided by reputable GPU rendering service providers (Node Operators) at a higher fee. Creators’ reputation scores, based on Node Operator feedback, dictate the number of concurrent nodes they can access and, consequently, the speed at which their tasks are completed. Similarly, Node Operators with high reputation scores can process higher-tier jobs that yield more RNDR tokens and are assigned jobs more quickly.

The tiered structure forms the basis of Render Network’s Proof-of-Render (PoR) governance system, which uses a mix of automated and manual inputs to determine user reputation scores. PoR resembles Proof-of-Work (PoW), with Node Operators using computational resources to earn crypto tokens. However, Render’s Node Operators complete complex VFX/3D rendering services instead of solving mathematical puzzles. Render’s pricing algorithms update automatically based on factors like GPU performance, electricity costs, and supply and demand patterns.


The Render Network has emerged as a game-changing solution to the challenges faced by artists, animators, and designers in the realm of 3D graphics and visual effects. By leveraging the power of blockchain technology, the Render platform bridges the gap between creators and GPU providers, offering a secure, efficient, and cost-effective way to access the computational resources required for high-quality rendering.