Over the years, Bitcoin, the pioneering force of the cryptocurrency realm, has been “redone” several times, though not in the way most would imagine. Instead of an overhaul of its intrinsic structure, these alterations manifest as “forks” – a term signaling the birth of a new crypto direction while carrying some of the original’s genetic code. Among the progeny of Bitcoin, Bitcoin Gold stands out with its distinct features and aspirations.


Bitcoin Gold (BTG) emerged in November 2017 as a distinct offshoot of the original Bitcoin, resulting from a process known as a hard fork. In blockchain parlance, a hard fork signifies a significant protocol shift causing the original blockchain to split into two distinct chains. This branching was prompted by a need for a currency version that couldn’t fit within the original Bitcoin framework due to its evolved characteristics.

As Bitcoin matured, concerns grew around its increasing centralization. By 2017, Bitcoin’s mining landscape had become dominated by a handful of players, making it almost impossible for everyday enthusiasts and newcomers to participate in the mining process. Additionally, the steep financial entry barriers, exacerbated by the necessity for specialized and pricey ASIC (Application-Specific Integration Circuits) mining hardware, further limited participation. These machines, tailored explicitly for Bitcoin mining, could run into thousands of dollars, making the mining ecosystem feel exclusive.

In response, Bitcoin Gold emerged with a key distinction: it was resistant to ASIC mining. This design meant that BTG could be mined using more accessible and reasonably priced Graphics Processing Units (GPUs), democratizing the mining process. While one could argue that Bitcoin is GPU-mineable, the reality is that, given today’s competition and complexity, such attempts would be futile. The protocol, however, welcomes GPU miners, offering a more inclusive mining environment.

What is Bitcoin Gold?

Bitcoin Gold stands as an offshoot of the original Bitcoin, crafted with a mission to demystify and democratize the Bitcoin mining process. While it upholds many foundational attributes of Bitcoin, such as a limited supply, Bitcoin Gold carves its niche through its distinctive equihash proof-of-work consensus. This innovation leans towards GPU mining rigs, making the act of mining Bitcoin Gold substantially more user-friendly and feasible for the everyday individual, setting it apart from the complexities associated with Bitcoin mining.

Envisioning a brighter future for the cryptocurrency realm, Bitcoin Gold aspires to propel the sector forward by offering a blockchain reminiscent of Bitcoin. However, it seeks to foster a welcoming ambiance for budding developers and innovative technologies. This democratization in mining encapsulates the essence of Bitcoin Gold, ensuring everyone, regardless of expertise or financial capability, can partake in the crypto mining journey. But the question that still lingers: what exactly is the token, BTG, that underpins the protocol?

How Does Bitcoin Gold Work

At the heart of the Bitcoin Gold network lies its distinctive equihash proof-of-work consensus mechanism. Though it draws inspiration from the time-tested proof-of-work model championed by Bitcoin and Ethereum, equihash introduces a set of unique attributes tailored for Bitcoin Gold.

A salient feature of this specialized consensus is its ability to bind block processing and throughput to the computational infrastructure’s memory storage capacity. Consequently, the potency of hash power is intimately tied to the miner’s memory size. To break it down, this innovative approach effectively evens out the competitive landscape, rendering sophisticated ASIC mining rigs no more advantageous than the commonplace GPU processors.

In essence, this mechanism breathes life into Bitcoin Gold’s overarching mission to reclaim the decentralized ethos of Bitcoin. By democratizing mining, the network ensures it remains accessible to all, reminiscent of Bitcoin’s early ethos before dominance by potent miners.

In addition to its core mining philosophy, Bitcoin Gold stands out for its commitment to user privacy. In a departure from conventional blockchain protocols, Bitcoin Gold champions enhanced anonymity by discreetly concealing transaction details during their broadcast to the blockchain.


BTG stands as both a digital currency and a coveted asset. Designed for diverse functionalities, it can facilitate transactions in exchange for various goods and services or be retained as a long-term investment. Enjoying extensive support in the crypto domain, BTG has secured its place on over 75 esteemed cryptocurrency exchanges. As the blockchain’s lifeblood, BTG plays an instrumental role in executing daily transactions and reinforcing the network’s security. Furthermore, its adaptability extends to the e-commerce realm where it serves as a viable payment option through BTG Pay.

Mimicking Bitcoin’s financial blueprint, BTG has an upper cap set at 21 million tokens. During the inception of the Bitcoin Gold network, following the initial hard fork from Bitcoin, the development team took the liberty to mine an accelerated rate across approximately 8000 blocks. This move was to accommodate a founder’s allocation of BTG. Consequently, the team now holds 0.476% of the complete supply, which is subjected to a gradual vesting over three years.

Bitcoin vs Bitcoin Gold

Diving deep into the realm of cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin and Bitcoin Gold present themselves as distinct entities, mainly differentiated by their consensus mechanisms. Bitcoin, the pioneer of the digital currency universe since 2009, operates on the traditional proof of work mechanism. This involves the intricate procedure of unraveling mathematical conundrums during the mining process, ensuring the blockchain’s fortified security against potential threats.

Contrastingly, Bitcoin Gold rides on the Equihash proof of work system. This unique approach complicates the generation of proof, making verification relatively easier. This intrinsic complexity nullifies the feasibility of constructing specialized hardware for mining, reaffirming the unviability of ASIC miners for the BTG blockchain.

While Bitcoin Gold’s inception was primarily an answer to the skewed dynamics of mining, there aren’t massive variations when juxtaposed with Bitcoin. Notably, Bitcoin Gold does boast a more petite block size, paving the way for brisker transaction velocities. Yet, this speed sometimes gets counterbalanced by steeper fees, establishing a challenging equilibrium. The narrative around these cryptos reveals another conspicuous concern linked with Bitcoin Gold.

Mining Bitcoin Gold

Navigating the intricate landscape of Bitcoin Gold mining requires a keen understanding of its economic viability. This depends on a medley of elements: from electricity expenses and the efficiency of your mining equipment to BTG’s prevailing market price.

Before embarking on this mining journey, a comprehensive cost-benefit scrutiny is crucial to ascertain if such an endeavor aligns with one’s fiscal aspirations. Potential profitability is gauged by examining variables like the initial outlay on mining gear, power usage, the hash rate, associated fees with mining pools, and the extant difficulty metric on the Bitcoin Gold network.

A recent assessment using an online BTG mining calculator indicated its current unprofitability. Despite the unwavering support from the BTG community, the sustainability of this allegiance remains uncertain. This ambiguity stems from the ongoing negative returns, even when the Bitcoin Gold network’s complexity stands lower than that of Bitcoin.


As we peer into the vast horizons of the web3 era, a pertinent question arises: do offshoots of Bitcoin, like Bitcoin Gold, have a secure place in this burgeoning digital age? The utility and uniqueness of these forks have undoubtedly offered value in diverse areas of the crypto space. However, as technology evolves and the crypto landscape grows more saturated, only the projects that continuously innovate and cater to changing demands will thrive. Whether Bitcoin Gold and its kin will solidify their positions or gradually fade into the annals of crypto history remains a compelling narrative to watch unfold.