Imagine a symphony, where every instrument is uniquely independent yet perfectly coordinated, each contributing to an intricate, harmonious composition. This is how IOTA functions – a distinct player in the sprawling universe of cryptocurrencies. It’s an intricate blend of innovation, functionality, and potential, paving a revolutionary path towards an interconnected, Internet of Things (IoT) driven future. 

In this ultimate guide to IOTA, we’ll journey through the inception of this digital asset, understand its unique selling points, and explore its potential impact on the world of technology and beyond.


Launched in 2015, IOTA is a groundbreaking initiative developed by a quartet of technology innovators – David Sonstebo, Dominik Schiener, Dr. Serguei Popov, and Serge Ivancheglo. Built to serve as a distinct peer-to-peer distributed ledger, IOTA’s primary mission revolves around fuelling the Internet of Things (IoT) revolution and making it more accessible.

One of IOTA’s most significant advancements is the Tangle technology. The architecture behind the IOTA network, Tangle, facilitates secure payments and communications with zero transaction fees, irrespective of the transaction volume. Another distinctive feature is its near-instant validation process. Theoretically, the system holds the potential to authenticate an infinite number of transactions each second.

In the year 2017, early IOTA patrons generously contributed 5% of the total token supply to further fuel the project’s growth and lay the foundations for the IOTA Foundation. Officially inaugurated in 2018, the IOTA Foundation aims to stimulate the research, development, and education of IOTA technology, while also promoting its standardization.

As a major player in the blockchain field, the IOTA Foundation sits on the board of the International Association for Trusted Blockchain Applications (INATBA). Moreover, it is a founding member of the Trusted-IoT Alliance and Mobility Open Blockchain Initiative (MOBI).

However, the journey wasn’t devoid of challenges. After a series of disagreements between co-founders David Sønstebø and Sergey Ivancheglo, Ivancheglo decided to step down from the IOTA board of directors in June 2019. The following year, in December 2020, the IOTA Foundation announced that it had officially severed ties with co-founder David Sønstebø.

What is Iota?

IOTA signifies a revolutionary stride in the realm of distributed networks, championing an innovative methodology to authenticate transactions. This unique approach becomes particularly beneficial when dealing with voluminous data required to propel the Internet of Things (IoT), making IOTA an evolutionary advancement of the likes of Bitcoin and Ethereum.

The acronym IOTA stands for Internet of Things Application. Like Bitcoin, it’s a form of cryptocurrency, but it was specifically designed to overcome the scalability issues inherent in similar digital currencies such as Bitcoin.

IoT devices, by their nature, are constantly connected to the internet, usually through Wi-Fi or cellular networks. Yet, despite their pervasive presence, enabling transactions and payments between these devices presents considerable challenges. This is where IOTA comes into play, providing a ledger specifically engineered to facilitate microtransactions among IoT devices.

Traditional blockchain-based systems such as Bitcoin and Ethereum have their limitations in transaction processing capacity. However, for a phenomenon like IoT to function optimally, the supporting network must be capable of processing millions, if not billions, of transactions. Recognizing this need, the brains behind IOTA brought to life ‘The Tangle’, a groundbreaking network designed to handle this massive transactional load.

The Tangle

The distributed ledger underpinning the IOTA network is named the Tangle. While it bears similarities to Bitcoin in its need to validate transactions, the Tangle diverges from its predecessor by forgoing the requirement for numerous individuals to crack complex puzzles in order to create a block.

Contrastingly, within the Tangle, each transaction carries the obligation of approving two preceding transactions. The implications of this approach are significant; it obviates the need for dedicated miners, and paradoxically, the network becomes faster with an increase in the volume of transactions.

But the Tangle’s advantages don’t end here. Remarkably, it levies no transaction fees, which makes it ideal for processing small value transactions, or microtransactions. This is in stark contrast to the likes of Bitcoin and Ethereum, where the high transaction costs render such micro-transactions economically unfeasible.


MIOTA is the native currency of the IOTA network. MIOTA brings a compelling value proposition to the table, driven by IOTA’s unique features: feeless transactions, near-instant transaction validation, and endless scalability. The network’s design offers additional benefits, such as reduced power consumption compared to most other cryptocurrencies, all of which contribute to the versatility and functional richness within the IOTA.

Although many of IOTA’s game-changing features are currently seen as merely “potential” due to the network’s underutilization in terms of user base, the enticing low entry price of the MIOTA coin, coupled with the remarkable capabilities inherent in the network, holds substantial appeal for investors.

MIOTA debuted via an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) where it succeeded in attracting 1300 BTC from its investor base. This sum translated to approximately $500,000 in USD at the time of the ICO, underlining the significant initial interest in the project.

What Makes IOTA Special?

The distinct advantages offered by IOTA set it apart in the competitive world of cryptocurrencies. Unlike Ethereum, which requires users to pay for gas, or Bitcoin, which necessitates rewards for miners to facilitate transactions, IOTA operates without any transaction fees. As it doesn’t rely on miners or validators, IOTA serves as a free protocol for both data and value transfers.

Furthermore, IOTA outperforms conventional blockchains in transaction speed, eliminating the common bottlenecks due to the time needed to generate new blocks. For instance, the Bitcoin blockchain can process approximately five transactions per second (TPS), and Ethereum can manage about 15 TPS. Conversely, IOTA’s network boasts a potential capacity of approximately 1,000 TPS.

Another major draw of IOTA is its energy efficiency, crafted to suit devices operating within low-energy environments. This compatibility extends to IoT devices with minimal computational power – even appliances as basic as toasters can transmit data to IOTA’s Tangle.

IOTA’s adaptability to varied use cases makes it an attractive choice for large corporations. For example, using IOTA Access, an open-source framework that grants control system access, vehicle owners can remotely provide access to their vehicles.

In line with its commitment to decentralization, IOTA 2.0 promises to deliver a fully decentralized version, further enhancing its appeal and potential applications.


As we conclude this journey through the world of IOTA, it’s clear that this digital asset is not merely another player in the cryptocurrency landscape. Rather, it serves as a beacon of innovation, carving its niche with a blend of feeless transactions, speed, energy efficiency, and adaptability. A unique symphony in the cryptocurrency concerto, IOTA stands poised to revolutionize how we interact with the Internet of Things, representing a quantum leap in distributed ledger technology.

Despite challenges and growing pains, IOTA has maintained a forward-looking approach, pushing the boundaries of what is possible within the realm of distributed networks. As we watch this innovative technology grow and evolve, it becomes clear that IOTA’s journey is one to keep a keen eye on. The Tangle of IOTA could be the thread that ultimately weaves together the tapestry of a truly interconnected world. In a symphony of technological progression, IOTA is emerging as the soloist setting the rhythm for a harmonious future.