As the digital landscape continues to expand and reshape our world, it’s critical to stay informed about the latest advancements, particularly in the realm of cryptocurrencies. Over the past decade, digital currencies have moved from the fringes of financial discussions to the forefront of global economic discourse. Bitcoin might be the cornerstone of the cryptocurrency revolution, but it is just one piece of a larger, rapidly evolving puzzle. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into one of the most significant offshoots of the original cryptocurrency – Bitcoin Cash. Born out of the need to address some inherent limitations of Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash has etched its own identity in the crypto landscape. It represents an intriguing blend of the original framework of Bitcoin and innovative solutions designed to improve scalability and transaction efficiency.

Whether you’re a seasoned cryptocurrency trader, a blockchain enthusiast, or a curious beginner seeking knowledge, this guide aims to provide you with a clear, thorough understanding of Bitcoin Cash. We’ll cover its origins, unique characteristics, the technology underpinning it, and how it stands apart from its predecessor, Bitcoin. By the end, you’ll have a comprehensive understanding of Bitcoin Cash and its place in the dynamic world of cryptocurrencies.

Origins of Bitcoin Cash

Bitcoin, the pioneer of the cryptocurrency world, made its debut with the mining of the genesis block on January 3, 2009. This novel digital asset rapidly gained popularity, but its growth was not without hitches. Bitcoin has been constantly plagued by issues of scalability and extended transaction times. It was to address these drawbacks that Bitcoin Cash was conceived.

In 2017, Bitcoin Cash emerged as an attempt to resolve the transaction speed problem of Bitcoin. Essentially, it’s a “hard fork” of the Bitcoin blockchain. In blockchain terms, a “hard fork” means a significant change in the protocol rules, causing the network to diverge into two separate paths at a certain point – in this case, at block 478,558. Nodes that wished to participate in the new chain needed to update their software to align with the new protocol rules. In essence, it is like a substantial software upgrade that takes the previous network (Bitcoin) and the new network (Bitcoin Cash) in distinct directions.

The decision to create this fork was backed by various Bitcoin miners and developers who sought to overcome the constraints of the original Bitcoin. They felt that Bitcoin was meant to be a medium of digital transactions rather than just a store of value. They questioned how Bitcoin could gain mainstream acceptance when transactions could take several minutes, if not hours, to process. This is not to mention the high transaction fees associated with Bitcoin.

Nevertheless, the hard fork was not without opposition. Critics pointed out that Bitcoin Cash’s larger blocks necessitated a more sophisticated mining process. This could potentially disadvantage miners with limited computing power, and inadvertently lead to the centralization of the platform among the most capable miners, such as corporations.

Roger Ver Supports Bitcoin Cash

Additionally, there were concerns around the process of the hard fork itself. Bitcoin holders at the time of the fork received an equal amount of Bitcoin Cash, a typical occurrence during a hard fork. However, some viewed this as a possible exploitation for quick wealth accumulation.

A strong advocate for BCH is Roger Ver, fondly known as “Bitcoin Jesus”. A visionary and early Bitcoin investor, Ver has been actively promoting cryptocurrencies since his company,, started accepting Bitcoin as payment back in 2011. He staunchly defends Bitcoin Cash, crediting its enhanced transaction size for its superior usability compared to Bitcoin.

Bitcoin SV Fork

Interestingly, Bitcoin Cash has subsequently undergone its own hard forks resulting in Bitcoin Cash ABC (BCHA) and Bitcoin SV (BSV). BCHA closely resembles the original Bitcoin Cash but it deviates slightly by reinvesting 8% of each block reward for network improvement, creating a consistent income stream for its developers.

Bitcoin SV, short for Bitcoin Satoshi Vision, offers a different approach. It harks back to the original vision encapsulated in the Bitcoin white paper, which did not foresee the need for second-layer, off-chain solutions such as the Lightning Network. Bitcoin SV aims for stability by proposing even larger block sizes than BCH. Although initially suggesting a block size of 128 megabytes, it was later agreed to forego a cap until the network could handle billions of transactions.

Bitcoin SV is notably led by Craig Wright, an Australian scientist who controversially claims to be the elusive Bitcoin founder, Satoshi Nakamoto. Despite the debates surrounding its value, Bitcoin Cash has marked several impressive achievements, such as processing over 9,000 transactions per second and managing to fit an astounding 16.4 million transactions in a single block in early 2021 on its scaling testnet.

What is Bitcoin Cash?

Bitcoin Cash (BCH) is an alternative cryptocurrency, or “altcoin”, that was spawned from Bitcoin, the leading cryptocurrency. The inception of BCH was the outcome of a hard fork in blockchain technology, with the primary distinction being the coin’s size.

Previously, the 1MB size limit of Bitcoin blocks led to transaction delays, posing significant challenges to the scalability of the cryptocurrency. To remedy this issue and enhance its capacity to compete with more mainstream cryptocurrency platforms, Bitcoin Cash opted for a larger potential block size. This innovation aimed to accommodate more transactions and enable the cryptocurrency to scale effectively.

In the wake of its creation, Bitcoin Cash rapidly ascended the ranks to become the third most successful cryptocurrency, tailing only Bitcoin and Ethereum. Despite having a superior transaction rate, Bitcoin Cash’s acceptance rate does not match that of Bitcoin or Ethereum. Furthermore, differences within the developer community have led to the promotion of Bitcoin Cash more as an instrument for investment rather than as a medium of transaction.

BCH Coin

Mirroring its predecessor Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash also has a maximum supply of 21 million coins. As of now, approximately 18.5 million coins, or around 89% of the total supply, are in circulation.

In Bitcoin Cash, as with Bitcoin, miners serve as validators of the transactions and are rewarded for their computational efforts. Currently, each mined block brings an additional 12.5 BCH into circulation. This continues until the cap of 21 million coins is reached. It’s important to note that Bitcoin Cash underwent a halving event in April 2021, wherein the rewards for miners were halved.

The value of Bitcoin Cash is largely rooted in its limited supply. A steady rate of release into circulation continues until all the coins have been mined. Additionally, the growing demand for cryptocurrencies capable of processing transactions swiftly and cost-effectively certainly adds to BCH’s value.

Bitcoin Cash vs Bitcoin

On the technical front, Bitcoin Cash operates in a similar manner to Bitcoin. Both cryptocurrencies have a maximum limit of 21 million units, employ nodes for transaction validation, and adopt a Proof of Work (PoW) consensus mechanism. PoW essentially entails that miners use computational power to validate transactions, and they are rewarded in BCH for their services.

However, there are significant differences between the two. Thanks to its larger block size, Bitcoin Cash is able to process transactions more quickly and at lower costs than Bitcoin. This makes it particularly well-suited for minor transactions such as purchasing a cup of coffee with cryptocurrency.

Furthermore, the protocol supports smart contracts and applications like CashShuffle and CashFusion, showcasing its versatility beyond being just a transactional currency.


As we’ve delved into the world of Bitcoin Cash, we’ve observed how it has uniquely positioned itself within the rapidly evolving cryptocurrency landscape. Born from the original Bitcoin, it has ingeniously addressed some inherent challenges, enhancing transaction speed and cost-effectiveness, thus securing its place as a noteworthy player in the digital currency arena. Despite having faced controversies, internal disputes, and acceptance fluctuations since its inception, BCH’s resilience and adaptability mirror the broader narrative of the cryptocurrency world – a saga of innovation, continuous development, and the quest to advance beyond existing limitations. 

As we voyage further into the digital age, understanding Bitcoin Cash doesn’t just offer insight into this specific cryptocurrency, but also broadens our understanding of the dynamic world of digital currencies – a knowledge that is invaluable in today’s swiftly progressing digital environment.