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What is Holochain? (HOT)


In the evolving world of distributed computing, one platform stands out for its unique approach: Holochain. Offering an innovative shift away from traditional blockchain technologies, Holochain is charting a new course with its agent-centric framework. 

Explore our in-depth exploration of Holochain, from its origins to its functioning, the unique structure of its applications, and its intrinsic Holo token ($HOT). It will also delve into why conventional solutions are insufficient and how Holochain emerges as the most optimal solution in this landscape.


Holochain is the brainchild of Arthur Brock and Eric Harris-Braun, leading figures in an expansive venture known as the MetaCurrency Project. They boast an impressive background, having successfully established and run software companies utilizing advanced accountability measures and workflows in a non-hierarchical framework.

The development of Holochain stemmed from a series of emerging patterns and a core revelation regarding the way human beings organize on a grand scale. Central to this idea is the concept of currencies, or as Brock and Harris-Braun prefer to term them, “current-sees”. This perspective suggests that the notion of currencies extends beyond the confines of traditional money, playing a foundational role in societal interactions.

Despite its forward-thinking and seemingly futuristic approach, the primary objective of the MetaCurrency Project is not just about developing innovative tools. 

What is Holochain?

Holochain essentially acts as a database for peer-to-peer applications, providing a platform that guarantees data integrity and validates state changes. This allows users to house their own immutable data, providing a robust countermeasure to potential manipulation. Holochain turns existing Web 2.0 platforms, like social networks, chat systems, collaboration tools, wikis, and marketplaces, into next-generation Web 3.0 systems, characterized by cryptographic security and peer-hosted infrastructure.

The fundamental aim of Holochain is to equip individuals and communities with the means to regain control over their data, identity, and agreements. In essence, it seeks to create an alternative to the prevailing surveillance web. The promise of Holochain lies in its ability to support the same web applications that have become integral to our digital lives—like social networks, communication platforms, marketplaces, and knowledge sharing tools—but with added layers of privacy and security.

Holo Apps

Holochain apps, or Holo apps, are designed to deliver performance and user experiences that mirror those of popular web platforms such as Facebook, Wikipedia, Twitter, and Slack. The difference, however, is the underlying aim to disrupt the prevalent trend of centralized servers and corporate surveillance, paving the way for a truly peer-to-peer NextNet.

Each distributed application (dApp) operating on Holochain represents a unique, encrypted network of peers. These peers collectively enforce shared data integrity rules, which act as the “DNA” of the system, enabling users’ computers to work together akin to cells within a broader networked “organism”.

In contrast to biological organisms, Holochain operates without a need for global consensus. Each peer instead records changes to its own local state, with a local hash chain providing an unequivocal sequence of events and an immutable record of the user’s actions.

When actions from your chain are published to a Distributed Hash Table (DHT), it serves as a shared database, making data accessible to all peers within a specific app. Peers assigned to store and serve a copy of your data are responsible for validating (or rejecting) it. This approach randomizes the mutual enforcement of the system’s DNA rules while effectively dividing the workload of validation and storage.

One of Holochain’s key strengths is its scalability. As the network expands with more users, peers, or nodes, the efficiency increases because each participant’s share of the total workload diminishes. This unique property equips Holochain apps with the capability to operate at speeds and scales that are unattainable for traditional blockchain-based systems.

Holo token ($HOT)

The Holo token, or $HOT, is the intrinsic cryptocurrency of Holochain. Built on the Ethereum network, it serves as a utility token within the Holo network. Users who contribute computational resources to the network are rewarded with HOT tokens, encouraging participation and facilitating resource distribution.

The inherent value of Holo is derived from its technical capabilities, the innovative technology it employs, its practical use cases, and the degree of its adoption. In terms of market value, Holo’s worth is influenced by numerous specific factors, including the total supply of HOT tokens. This supply is capped, serving as an anti-inflationary mechanism, which suggests that HOT tokens could potentially offer a solid store of value over extended periods.

Holo’s value is also impacted by various events, including software upgrades, updates, advancements, and other newsworthy developments. The added value of Holo comes from its utility and technical ability to foster a peer-to-peer marketplace for hosting applications, enhancing its attractiveness and potential for growth within the blockchain ecosystem.

Why Current Solutions Aren’t Enough

Existing solutions such as cloud hosting platforms provide horizontal scalability, increasing availability by adding more virtual machines as your application grows. However, this model involves managing a host of servers, entailing an assortment of responsibilities and maintenance tasks.

Serverless computing offers a reprieve from these tasks, allowing developers to concentrate on the crux of their applications. The approach simplifies the process: choose the components, connect them using functions, and activate the application. Despite these benefits, serverless computing remains an abstraction that operates on rented hardware. This involves recurring costs and presents centralized points of failure.

Attempts at distributed computing, like blockchain, endeavor to rectify these issues by developing a network of participants. Each participant holds identical copies of a public, global dataset, contributing to the data’s availability and integrity, and thus eliminating centralized vulnerabilities. However, this model incurs considerable costs due to the need to replicate, verify, and achieve consensus on the dataset’s contents. These costs, often incorporated by design, negatively impact performance and result in wastage.

Moreover, this approach inadvertently leads to a new form of centralization. Participants are split into ‘full nodes,’ who possess the computing power, reputation, or capital to participate fully, and ‘light clients,’ who rely on the full nodes for their needs, often in exchange for fees. This division can create a scenario reminiscent of the traditional client-server model, undermining the core decentralization principles of such networks.

Why Holochain Provides the Most Optimal Solution

Holochain introduces an ‘agent-centric’ approach where each system participant maintains their own state, aligning with everyday online interactions. With users at the core, each runs their own backend code, controls their identity, and stores their data via the Holochain runtime, using encrypted peer-to-peer networks.

Holochain ensures data validity through cryptography, authorship proof, and tampering detection. It further utilizes peer witnessing, where public data is randomly verified and stored by multiple devices, safeguarding against data loss and corrupt activities. This creates a robust, scalable solution, simplifying challenges, and allowing application creators to focus primarily on their data model and business logic.


Holochain represents a radical shift in distributed computing, focusing on users over servers and data. With its intrinsic data validity and peer witnessing mechanisms, it presents a solution that’s not only robust and scalable but also brings users to the forefront of the digital interaction framework. 

While challenges remain, Holochain’s design offers potential solutions mirroring real-life, agent-centric experiences. As we move towards an increasingly decentralized world, Holochain’s agent-centric computing could become a vital component of the digital ecosystem, shaping the future of online interactions and data integrity.

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